Banyan Tree Seeds

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About & Species

Banyan Tree
(Ficus benghalensis)

The Banyan Tree, also called the Indian Banyan and Banyan Fig - is one the largest trees in the world measured by canopy (crown) size. It grows 100 feet tall and its crown can reach up to 700 feet wide. The Banyan tree is native to India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. Its large canopy provides shade relief during the hot summers in India and Sri Lanka. The Banyan tree produces figs that are eaten by birds. Used as a shade tree and a specimen tree.  

Growth Rate: Fast

Soil Type: Prefers well-drained soil that is semi-moist.

Zones: 10-12

Germination Range: 60-80%

Stratification Requirement: None Required. Notes: Broadcast seeds over the surface of your soil mixture. Keep damp. Maintain warm temperatures. Needs to be grown in areas that are 70-80 degrees in the summer and above 55 degrees in the winter.

Indoor Planting: If your seeds require stratification or scarification – do the recommended pretreatment before planting indoors. Planting Instructions: Fill a container with seed starting mix to about ½ inch from the top. Place your seeds 1 inch to 1 ½ inches below the soil surface. Gently water your seeds to keep moist, not soaking wet. Heat & humidity is critical for germination. Germination may occur in 1 week or as long as 3 months (depending on the species). Place the seed container on a heat mat under growing light(s). Keep your growing lights on 14 hours per day. Keep your heat mat on 24 hours per day. Once your seeds germinate, move each seed into its own container under the growing lights and on the heat mat. Keep your seedlings indoors for 2-3 months before transplanting outdoors in the spring (May to June).

Outdoor Planting: If your seeds do not require stratification: the best time to plant tree and shrub seeds outdoors is after the last frost in your area (spring). In the Northern states – the best time to plant seeds outdoors is from May to June. If your seeds require pretreatment: you should plant your seeds outdoors before the ground freezes in your area (late September to early November). Your seeds will naturally stratify during the cold winter. Germination usually occurs in May or during the spring season.