Flameleaf Sumac Seeds

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About & Species

Flameleaf Sumac
(Rhus copallinum)

The Flameleaf Sumac, also called Dwarf Sumac, Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac is native to Eastern North America and grows 7 to 15 feet tall. It is grown for its attractive leaves that turn flame-red color in Autumn. It grows on hillsides, fields, along roadsides and railroad tracks. Small greenish-yellow flowers bloom in pyramidal form in late spring to early summer.

Soil Type: Prefers dry to medium moist, well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade. Tolerant to a wide variety of soils. 

Zones: 4 to 9

Germination Range: 40-60%

Stratification Requirement: Seed requires scarification.

Indoor Planting: If your seeds require stratification or scarification – do the recommended pretreatment before planting indoors. Planting Instructions: Fill a container with seed starting mix to about ½ inch from the top. Place your seeds 1 inch to 1 ½ inches below the soil surface. Gently water your seeds to keep moist, not soaking wet. Heat & humidity is critical for germination. Germination may occur in 1 week or as long as 3 months (depending on the species). Place the seed container on a heat mat under growing light(s). Keep your growing lights on 14 hours per day. Keep your heat mat on 24 hours per day. Once your seeds germinate, move each seed into its own container under the growing lights and on the heat mat. Keep your seedlings indoors for 2-3 months before transplanting outdoors in the spring (May to June).

Outdoor Planting: If your seeds do not require stratification: the best time to plant tree and shrub seeds outdoors is after the last frost in your area (spring). In the Northern states – the best time to plant seeds outdoors is from May to June. If your seeds require pretreatment: you should plant your seeds outdoors before the ground freezes in your area (late September to early November). Your seeds will naturally stratify during the cold winter. Germination usually occurs in May or during the spring season.